Halloween in New Orleans

Considered Louisiana’s second biggest holiday behind Mardi Gras, Halloween is no stranger to New Orleans tradition of extravagant parties and outlandish decorations. However, with the arrival of COVID-19, many events and celebrations have unfortunately been cancelled, but the Halloween spirit is still alive and well in Louisiana. Here are some final Halloween spooks to share with your family.

1. Ghost Manor


From now until Halloween, visitors can stop by the popular Ghost Manor located on Magazine Street. This victorian-style house has captured the attention of visitors for nine years with its every-growing display of lighting effects, decorations, and animatronics.  

Unfortunately, guests are not allowed inside due to COVID-19, but they are encouraged to strike a pose in front of its lavish decorations. This “static” display is the perfect spot for Instagram worthy pictures.

2. Mrs. Heather’s Pumpkin Patch


Head on over to Hammond from now until November 8thand spend the day at Mrs. Heather’s Pumpkin Patch. Guests can choose their one pumpkin and enjoy a variety of activities, including a zip line, hay maze, and face painting. Mrs. Heather’s also offers educational information on milking cows and growing pumpkin for curious kids.

The patch is open daily from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. and costs $8 per child under 18 and adults not accompanying a child.

3. New Orleans Ghost Tours

For those searching for a little more spook, New Orleans Legendary Walking Tours offers a ghost tour. Explore the streets of New Orleans and discover first hand why it is considered the most haunted city in the United States. From murders to diseases and everything in between, New Orleans Legendary Walking Tours is sure to have a story that captures your attention.

Tours are held daily at 5:30 p.m. and 8:00 p.m. with proper COVID-19 precautions in place for guest’s safety. Book a tour today at neworleanslegendarywalkingtours.com or call 504.503.0199.

Book a tour with Cajun Encounters today by visiting www.cajunencounters.com or calling 504.834.1770 or begin your walkthrough New Orleans by visiting neworleanslegendarywalkingtours.com or calling 504.503.0199

Top 5 Haunted Places in Louisiana as seen on TV

Reality television has captured the attention of society for generations, guaranteeing drama and excitement every moment. A new type of reality has caught the attention of viewers, however, the paranormal kind. Paranormal reality television often follows a group of individuals investigating popular places that are considered “haunted”. Viewers are virtually taken to locations with the team through images and video footage, so they can experience the activity with them from their own home. Louisiana is no stranger to these investigations and locations found through various parts of the state are often featured on popular television shows. This list is compiled of five haunted locations in Louisiana that are featured on television.

1. Oak Alley – Ghost Hunters

When you think about plantations in New Orleans, Oak Alley tends to be the first one that comes to your mind. Located on the west bank of the Mississippi River, Oak Alley’s double-row of century-old oak trees, creating an alley, has cemented this historic beauty’s namesake. This historic location has served for the backdrop for several movies, including the well-known Interview with the Vampire, and they are not the only ones bringing cameras inside.

Ghost Hunters featured Oak Alley in Season 4 Episode 19 of their popular television show. Tales of flying candles and voices were enough to capture this crew attentions and bring them all the way to the south in hopes of capturing it on camera.

Want to visit Oak Alley yourself? Set up a tour today at cajunencounters.com or calling 504.834.1770.

2. Dauphine Orleans Hotel – Buzzfeed Unsolved

Take a trip back in time, or at least feel like you are, with the historic New Orleans hotel, Dauphine Orleans Hotel. With a history so old and rich that it almost competes with Crescent City itself; Dauphine has survived the test of time since its opening in the 1770’s. It’s no surprise that myths of guest who did not check out surround this legendary hotel.


Buzzfeed Unsolved, an internet series with a humorous take on unsolved crimes, hauntings, and historical mysteries, took on the great Dauphine Orleans in Supernatural Season 2 episode 9. Hosts, Shane and Ryan, spend the night at this hotel in hopes of seeing one of the many believed sightings, including a dancing lady and wandering sounds of footsteps.

3. St. Louis Cemetery No. 1 – Most Terrifying Places in America

Located near the center of New Orleans, St. Louis Cemetery No. 1 attracts more than 100,000 visitors each year and is the oldest cemetery in the city. Visitors travel from all over to visit the tomb of legendary Voodoo Queen Marie Laveau and to take a stroll through living history. Between the many crumbling above-ground graves, this “city of the dead” holds the stories of many well-known personalities within its walls.

Do not let the title scare you. Most Terrifying Places in America simply takes its viewers on a tour across the U.S. to discuss popular paranormal hot spots. This show features a more in-depth historical view of each location with stories of alleged “personal encounters” sprinkled throughout. St. Louis Cemetery No. 1 is one of the locations, out of 7, featured on part one of the standalone feature that premiered in 2009.

Interested in taking a look inside? Due to past visitors, the only way in is through a tour. Get your very own ticket in today at neworleanslegendarywalkingtours.com or call 504.503.0199

4. May Bailey’s Place – Ghost Adventures

May Baily’s Place, a Creole-style cottage, holds years of history within its walls. As a place that came into use in the 1890’s, this now cocktail lounge has seen its fair share of visitors at its location in the French Quarter. Today, May Baily’s is decorated with Victorian style portraits, an update from their original design, but visitors can still find memorabilia from their earlier days throughout.

Ghost Adventures, an extremely popular television series, visited the city of New Orleans in Episode 22 of their sixth season. The crew planned to explore the city affected by Hurricane Katrina, and May Baily’s secured their very own spot on that list. Alleged stories of faint shadows and furniture that rearranges itself was enough to capture this legendary crew’s attention.

5. Longleaf Sawmill – Deep South Paranormal

Considered the heart of Louisiana to many people, the sawmill in Longleaf, Louisiana has a history dating back to World War II. Longleaf Sawmill got its start in the late 1800’s, harvesting Louisiana’s pine trees. While the town that once surrounded it is no longer standing, the mill remains a pilar of the history that was once made there.

A lesser known show by the name of Deep South Paranormal featured the Longleaf Sawmill in the very first episode of their first season. The crew investigated hoping to find evidence of crew members that stayed even long after the closing in 1969.

Interested in seeing more of New Orleans history? Book a tour with Cajun Encounters today by visiting www.cajunencounters.com or calling 504.834.1770 or begin your walkthrough New Orleans by visiting neworleanslegendarywalkingtours.com or calling 504.503.0199

Cajun Encounters Guest Reviews

Take a trip down to the famous Honey Island Swamp with Cajun Encounters. Their captains are considered experts in their field, resulting in visitors experiencing an authentic tour of one of America’s most untouched ecosystems. With over 3,616 reviews and a rating of 4.8 stars, Cajun Encounters is perfect for those searching for a new kind of adventure.

google logoCajun EncountersCajun Encounters
4.8 Stars - Based on 3657 User Reviews

“I’ve done water tours all over the country. Hand’s down, this is the best! Captain John was extremely knowledgeable of the bayous, swamps and river. He’s got a great sense of humor. He answered all of our questions. He grew up in the area so had personal experience and knowledge of the water, plants and wildlife He showed us many alligators, wild boar and raccoon. These critters came quite close as they knew him. He fed them protein logs. Make a reservation a few days before you want to go. Our hotel made ours. We were picked up at a hotel near our hotel. I’d highly recommend being picked up. You must wear a mask on the van. The driver took our temperature as we entered the van. Our van driver, Karen, shared a lot about New Orleans as we drove to the swamp. You pay for your ticket at the gift shop. A mask must be worn. Fun gifts in the shop. Of course I bought my granddaughter a stuffed baby wild boar. 🙂 You can buy cold water and beverages, snacks and ice cream treats. Dont forget to get their alligator jerkey. Nice bathrooms next to the gift shop. No bathroom facilities on the boat. A 2-hour fabulous time. A must do when in New Orleans!”

-Lynn S., September 2020

“This tour was great! From the moment we were picked up by our shuttle driver Alfred, to the end of the tour. Alfred told us info about the area as we passed certain places on the shuttle on our way to the swamp. He was very knowledge and friendly. The tour itself was great. Captain John was very knowledgeable about the swamp, wildlife, and swamp history. He also grew up there so he told us personal stories and experiences which were great to hear him speak about. He was funny and personable and I’m so happy we experienced this tour as first time NOLA visitors. I’d recommend this to anyone.”

-Nia, September 2020

“During this time of partial quarantine for the CovId-19 pandemic, it is difficult to find activities that are open and allow for safety measures for visiting guests of a city. We are from California here visiting a family member and wanted to explore something interesting and adventuresome for my newly teen child to not feel imprisoned by being inside so much. After researching events and activities and carefully reviewing feedback we opted for this adventure tour. Capt. Emmett was a fantastic guide! He was so entertaining, engaging, informative and authentic. The provisions made by the tour company – Cajun Encounters – made the visit very accommodating and comfortable by limiting numbers on the boat and implementing social distancing measures which were quite effective without being imposing or detracting from the excursion. Our group, which was diverse in people, age, and geographical locations was made to feel right at home in “swampland”…. We were encouraged to ask questions, be curious, and be ourselves which made the excursion that much more enjoyable. Thank you to Capt. Emmett for being such a wonderful highlight to our trip to Bayou country. We take back with us joy, laughter, and fond memories of this activity on our trip.”

-Faith E., July 2020

Attractions of New Orleans

Nicknamed the “Big Easy”, New Orleans has made a name for itself by having an exciting nightlife, a vibrant music scene, and a cultural mix of cuisine. A city filled with so much to offer can sometimes be intimidating when planning a trip. Below, there is a list featuring 5 of the top attractions in New Orleans to assist with any future plans.

1. New Orleans French Quarter

A place where you can find yourself surrounded by both the past and the present. Considered New Orleans’s historic heart, the French Quarter is known for its colorful buildings and their cast-iron balconies which only adds to its bright nightlife scene. Now the home of a French Market, modern boutiques, antique stores, and old restaurants, the French Quarter has something for everyone who visits.

2. New Orleans Swamp Tours

Take a trip down the Honey Island Swamp with Cajun Encounters, featuring professional tour guides dedicated to leaving guest with the best possible experience. Step aboard a flat-bottomed boat and see gators first hand while learning about one of Americans most untarnished ecosystems and the nature that inhabits it.

3. The National World War II Museum

Named as one of the top-ranking Best Places to Learn US Military History by USA Today, The National WWII Museum brings history to life in the city of New Orleans by utilizing its rich collection of artifacts. The museum features several different thought-provoking exhibits, including D-Day galleries and the George R. Brown Salute to the Home Front. The National World War II Museum is designed and dedicated to inspiring its visitor with valuable lessons of WWII, containing heroism, tragedy, and liberation.

4. Steamboat Natchez

Visitors can board the last authentic steamboat on the Mississippi River when they step foot on the Steamboat Natchez. Guests can experience live historic and port narration while enjoying the option of New Orleans favorite meals and beverages. Each cruise features a traditional jazz trio and professional New Orleans musicians, depending on the time of day. With three cruises to choose from, guests are sure to have a great time on the mighty Mississippi.

5. New Orleans Cuisine

Perhaps one of the most known calling cards of New Orleans is the culture of good food. Restaurants, such as Coterie Nola and Café Du Monde, are run by New Orleans locals, taking pride in serving the most authentic dishes. Whether it be savory crawfish etouffee or sweet French style donuts, visitors are sure to find a meal that satisfies their tastebuds.

Book a tour with Cajun Encounters today by visiting www.cajunencounters.com or calling 504.834.1770 or begin your walkthrough New Orleans by visiting neworleanslegendarywalkingtours.com or calling 504.503.0199

New Orleans October 2020 Events

With the introduction of the infamous coronavirus, our daily lives have looked a little different than usual. Popular events were cancelled and birthday celebrations were forced to reschedule, but Louisiana is known for not staying down for long. While many events have since gone virtual, New Orleans is still offering in-person family friendly events throughout the month of October.

1. Raine Bedsole Opening Reception – Water and Dreams

Image credit: https://www.callancontemporary.com/

Interested in art? Check out Raine Bedsole’s eighth solo exhibition by the title of Water and Dreams. These mixed media pieces work together to represent the human adventure and showcase the roles water plays in history, world religion, and literature. The variety of multicolored sculptures is enough to capture any art lover’s attention.

Take a relaxing walk through this art exhibit every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday for free until the end of October.

2. Restaurant Week New Orleans

Cuisine is considered an essential part of New Orleans culture. The Louisiana Restaurant Association is bringing this to a front with their Restaurant Week. The event lasts from October 5th to October 11th and involves as many as three dozen restaurants offering special fixed-price menus to some of the most popular spots in town from the French Quarter to neighborhood bistros. Featuring a mix of different styles, including but not limited to Cajun, French, Italian, Asian, and Middle Eastern, visitors and locals are sure to find a meal to please their tastebuds.

Restaurants will be offering both a dine in and take out option.

New Orleans Swamp Tours

Got a taste of what Louisiana has to offer and searching for more? Take a trip down the Honey Island Swamp with Cajun Encounters. Guests can experience the beauty of one of the most untarnished ecosystems in America first-hand while learning about the plants and animals that inhabit it. With top experts as their guides, guests can rest assured that they will have the best educational experience possible. Cajun Encounters is working hard to ensure not only the satisfaction but also the safety of its visitors by implementing proper COVID-19 protocol.

New Orleans French Quarter Tours

For those hoping to immerse themselves in New Orleans culture even more, New Orleans Legendary Walking Tours is the perfect place to see the best that the city has to offer. With tours through the French Quarter, cemeteries, and Garden District, visitors are able to see sights that only the Crescent City can offer. Guests can learn more about the history and culture from the mouths of certified tour guides, ensuring historically accurate and informative information with an entertaining twist. Similarly, to Cajun Encounters, New Orleans Legendary Walking Tours takes its visitors health and safety as their top priority. As a result, they have also implemented COVID-19 protocol to ensure their visitors can experience the best without fear.

Book a tour with Cajun Encounters today by visiting www.cajunencounters.com or calling 504.834.1770 or begin your walkthrough New Orleans by visiting neworleanslegendarywalkingtours.com or calling 504.503.0199

Tour the Honey Island Swamp


Honey Island Swamp is one of the most natural and untarnished habitats in the United States. Located in St. Tammany Parish, this marshland earned its name from the swarms of honeybees found near the surrounding areas. It is bordered by U.S. 11 on its north side, the Pearl River on its east side, Lake Borgne on its south side, and West Pearl River on its west side.

Honey Island Swamp spans over 70,000 acres, measuring in over 20 miles long and 7 miles wide, with 35, 619 of those acres’ being government sanctioned by the Pearl River Wildlife Management Area in order to protect the local wildlife that thrives there.

The Wildlife

The Honey Island Swamp is rich in wildlife and is the home of many different species, including but not limited to: alligators, wild boars, black bears, racoons, nutrias, owls, eagles, snakes, turtles, and, of course, fish. Alligators can often be seen lounging on the banks and bathing in the sun. The most common sightings include red wolves, white tail deer, and wild boar, but only a select few have been able to spot the elusive Florida cougar. Birds are often seen tangled in the trees as visitors drift by underneath, including Yellow-crowned Night Herons, White Ibises, and Anhinga.

Considered a trademark of Louisiana culture, Crawfish often attract their fair share of attention to this marshland, but the wide variety of fish keep people coming back. Fishermen can often find an abundance of flathead catfish, bluegill, sunfish, largemouth bass, and buffalo fish under the water of Honey Island Swamp.

The Plant Life

Along with animal species, the Honey Island Swamp possesses a wide variety of plants, including poisonous and nonpoisonous. Large Bald Cypress and Birch trees assist in creating much-needed shade and shadows on the water throughout the dense forest. Spanish Moss is seen everywhere, spreading its tendrils throughout the murky tea-colored waters.

Honey Island Swamp Monster

According to Louisiana folklore, the Honey Island Swamp is home to its very own cyprid, referred to as the Honey Island Swamp Monster. The myth describes the ape-like creature as 7 feet tall, covered in grey hair with red or yellow eyes, and footprints consisting of three or four webbed toes.

How did the monster end up in Louisiana? Legend has it a train wreck involving a travel circus resulted in a group of chimpanzees escaping into the swampland, forcing them to adapt to their surrounding areas. The first claimed sighting of this bigfoot-like creature was by wildlife photographer, Harlen Ford, in 1963. The myth, however, did not fully form until 1980 when a reel of what was believed to be video evidence of this monster was found in his belongings. Strange footprints found in 1974 only fueled the legend, cementing the Honey Island Swamp Monster as an interesting part of Louisiana folklore. While there have not been any recent recorded sightings, that does not stop the speculation of this legendary monster’s existence and whereabouts.

Looking for a little adventure? Come see the beauty of Honey Island Swamp and its variety of animals and thriving plant life yourself. Book a tour today online or call 504.834.1770!

COVID-19 Precautions and Our Commitment to You

We are excited to be open and welcoming you, our guests. Cajun Encounters Tour Company, and our subsidiaries, are committed to caring for the health and well-being of our employees, partners, and guests. We have implemented the following procedures to help ensure the health and safety of everyone who visits us.

  • Our tour boats and venues are cleaned and disinfected between each tour.
  • We disinfect high-touch surfaces like seats, door knobs, and railings multiple times per day.
  • Protective shields have been placed between our staff and guests, and between the two sides of our boats.
  • Social distancing measures have been put in place through small tour sizes.
  • Hand sanitizer is provided on location.
  • Face masks are worn by all staff members and are available for guests. 

Cajun Encounters Tour Company and Pearl River Swamp Tours:

Tour sizes are limited and tour times are reduced to allow for proper disinfection between tours. 

New Orleans Legendary Walking Tours:

Tour sizes are limited and tour times are reduced to allow for proper disinfection between tours.

Still have questions?

Please call us any day between 9:00 am and 4:00 pm CST and we will be happy to answer any question we have not answered for you in this blog.

Most Instagramable Spots in NOLA

By Kimberly Hoffman

If you’re fixin’ to make a trip to The Big Easy, you want the most picture-perfect locations to impress your friends. We get it. Social media is an important enhancement to our lives these days. The following spots give you the best look at NOLA, and they also set you up for eye-catching Instagram posts

French Quarter

Source: Wikipedia

Jackson Square: This historic park faces the Mississippi River and is chock full of picturesque photo ops. Jackson Square sits right in the middle of the French Quarter and is the site where Louisiana became a U.S. territory in 1803. Snap a pic in front of St. Louis Cathedral, founded in 1720 and the oldest cathedral in North America. Or grab a beignet at world-famous Cafe du Monde. Don’t forget to share a photo of your powdered-sugar face!

Latrobe’s: This historic yellow building on Royal Street gets its name from its architect, Benjamin Henry Latrobe, the “Father of American Architecture.” Built in 1822 as a bank, Latrobe’s is now an event space, offering a unique backdrop for special occasions, as well as social media posts.

Bourbon Street: Running for 13 blocks through the French Quarter, Bourbon Street is perhaps the most famous street in New Orleans. It’s home to some of the oldest bars and family-owned restaurants in the country. Photo ops abound at places like Pat O’Brien’s, where the hurricane drink was created. Don’t miss Marie Laveau’s House of Voodoo, where you can add a touch of creepy to your pictures. And Lafitte’s Blacksmith Shop lays claim to the title of “oldest bar in the U.S.A.,” having been serving shots since 1777, a year after the shot heard round the world.

With all the building facades, shops, restaurants, alleyways, and corners, you could spend days in the French Quarter taking pics. These locations give you an idea of where to start.

Garden District

Source: Wikipedia

St. Charles Streetcar: Get around the city and take some fabulous pictures. The historic St. Charles Streetcar has been operating since 1835. Today, the St. Charles line is recognized as a National Historic Landmark. You’ll find plenty of Instagramable moments on your ride.

Historic Mansions: The Garden District is home to the best-preserved collection of historic mansions in the South. The area was once made up of plantations, and you’ll find several types of architecture to pose in front of. Keep an eye out for Greek Revival, Italianate, and Victorian structures.

Source: Flickr

The Garden District was developed with only a couple of houses per block, each surrounded by a large garden. As those lots were subdivided, the focus became more on the architecture. But even today, glamorous gardens are plentiful in NOLA, especially in this district.


Source: Wikipedia

St. Louis Cemetery No. 1: The city’s oldest cemetery, built in 1789, attracts more than 100,000 visitors each year. Snap a pic in front of voodoo priestess Marie Laveau’s tomb as well as others from the 18th and 19th centuries. The city aims to preserve the historic tombs, so you can visit St. Louis Cemetery No. 1 only with a tour group.

Lafayette Cemetery No. 1: Things might look a bit familiar at this cemetery. It’s been featured in films including “Double Jeopardy,” “Interview With a Vampire” and “Dracula 2000.” Author Anne Rice used Lafayette Cemetery as the spot where her characters, Lestat de Lioncourt and the Mayfair witches, are buried. Currently, you’ll only be able to get your shot outside the gates, as the cemetery is closed for repairs

Frenchmen Street

Source: Wikipedia
Just downriver from the French Quarter, Frenchmen Street started out as a place for locals to enjoy authentic New Orleans music and food. It now draws its fair share of tourists to hear live performances of all types of music. From jazz to blues to reggae to rock, your Instagram videos and pics will make you the envy of your music-loving friends.

Paddlewheeler Creole Queen

Source: Wikipedia
In a city surrounded by so much water, it only makes sense to get some photos on a boat. Travel back in time on the Paddlewheeler Creole Queen. The cruise focuses on 300 years of NOLA history. Head downriver to Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and the Chalmette Battlefield (from the Battle of New Orleans in 1815), to capture both scenic and somber pics.

So whether it’s selfies or scenery you’re after, New Orleans provides more backdrops than you can possibly use. But give it your best shot!
Kimberly Hoffman is a restaurant critic and traveler who searches for the best restaurant in every city she visits. You won’t find her dining in any chain restaurants, preferring to sample the local cuisine in every city.

How Littering Affects the Pearl River and Honey Island Swamp

Cajun Encounters Tour Company’s owner, Jeff Rogers, grew up on the Pearl River and knows how important it is to take care of the land that takes care of you. Last month, Jeff and his captains took advantage of the slow time due to COVID-19 and spent the day cleaning up the river. They were joined by Jolene Cruzan with the House of Blues Foundation Room.
The Honey Island Swamp is nestled peacefully between U.S. 11, Lake Borgne, the Pearl River, and the West Pearl River. It is one of the most pristine swamps remaining in the United States. The 70,000 acres is home to a variety of wildlife including alligators, wild boars, raccoons, owls, snakes, turtles, nutria, bald eagles, and even back bears. Thousands of people visit the area each year along the Pearl River, hoping to catch a glimpse of an alligator or other elusive form of wildlife. Unfortunately, with people there comes littering.

Littering continues to be a large problem in the Honey Island Swamp and along the Pearl River. From small items, such as bottles and candy wrappers, to large items such as water heaters and tires, the discarded items of someones adventure is a stark reminder of the dangers for wildlife, and the people living along the river. The people who live along the river, and the wildlife who call the swamp home, rely on unpolluted water for survival.

Plastic items that enter the river can have a detrimental effect on the wildlife that live there. If an animal eats even a small piece of plastic, their bodies turn that plastic into harmful toxins. Since so many of the animals in the Pearl River are used for human food (crawfish, fish, alligator, etc.) these toxins are then consumed by people causing illness. Animals are also strangled on a regular bases by discarded six-pack rings, plastic bags, and other plastics.

Littering also consists of improperly discarded food waste and other organic materials. These items can cause increased algae blooms which deplete the oxygen in the water leading to health and safety issues for the wildlife living there. The littering of food and other edible items can lead to more aggressive animals and more animal attacks.

Litter also blocks storm drains and draining systems, which can lead to increased flooding risks in an area already prone to flooding due to naturally occurring weather events such as heavy rains and hurricanes.

As the discarded trash flows down the river what isn’t caught up along the way becomes part of the nine billion tons of litter that ends up in our oceans every year. Have you ever wondered how long it takes this litter to go away? Here’s a general idea.

• Plastic bags- 100-1000 years
• Plastic bottles- over 450 years
• Aluminum cans- 80-200 years
• Glass- glass can take up to a million years to fully decompose.
• Cigarette butts- 10-12 years
• Plywood- 1-3 years
• Painted Wood- 13 years
• Cardboard- 2 months
• Lumber- 10-15 years

We would love to have you come visit our swamp and enjoy the best that nature has to offer. All we ask is that if you pack in in, please pack it out. Help us ensure that the Honey Island Swamp and the Pearl River can be a place for future generations to enjoy.

Cajun Encounters Rated Top Swamp Tour by Travelocity

Cajun Encounters’ Award Winning Swamp Tour is one of the "Top Things to do with kids in New Orleans," as featured by Travelocity on December 30, 2019.

As Danielle Braff writes, “You’ll be on a flat-bottomed boat in the swamp, where you’ll spot and learn about alligators, who will be friendly as long as they’re not threatened. This is true Louisiana.”